Case Studies/Studies

New Study Explores Association Between Paternal Smoking and Congenital Heart Defects in Babies

Babies born to fathers who smoke are more likely to have congenital heart defects, according to a recently published study.


Study Indicates Most Nutritional Supplements and Dietary Therapies Do Not Benefit Heart Health, Despite Popularity

Nutritional supplements and dietary interventions enjoy widespread use in the United States, but most have no effect on cardiovascular survival or outcomes, according to a group of U.S. researchers.


Web- and Phone-Based Behavioral Therapy Offer Long-Term IBS Relief

Telephone- and web-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) show promise as effective long-term treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms, according to a recent study.


Study May Alleviate Concerns About Long-Term PPI Use

Observational studies have linked proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to a litany of health conditions. A recent randomized controlled trial undermines many of those associations, finding PPIs to be largely safe to use for at least three years.


Misdiagnosing Pediatric Sleep-Disordered Breathing

An estimated nine out of 10 children with sleep-disordered breathing are undiagnosed, often because physicians attribute symptoms to behavioral issues rather than to common sleep issues such as sleep apnea, according to a recent study in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA).


Law of Unintended Consequences Hits Battle Against Opioid Misuse

If fighting opioid misuse feels like a game of whack-a-mole, you’ve been paying attention.


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Study: Bariatric Surgery Aids Female Sexual Function

A study in Brazil found that women with obesity had greater sexual function after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Sexual dysfunction fell from 62% before the procedure to 19% six months afterward, and mean overall Female Sexual...


Stem Cell Study Suggests Novel Mechanism of Action in Knee Osteoarthritis

Autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are safe and efficacious in treating knee osteoarthritis (OA), and — in an apparently novel finding — they may reduce inflammation and modulate immune cells that contribute to the condition, Canadian researchers report.


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Tongue-Based Detection of Pancreatic Cancer

The unnoticed spread of pancreatic cancer makes effective treatment difficult. However, findings from a study in the Journal of Oral Microbiology may pave the way to earlier detection through the evaluation of differences in the tongue microbiome....


Study Reaffirms Screening Mammography’s Centrality in Reducing Breast Cancer Deaths

New research pushes back against suggestions that screening mammography may no longer be a primary factor in decreased breast cancer mortality.